Important Points to Remember After Kidney Transplant

Once your kidney transplant has been done, you will be kept in the hospital for a few days where the medical team will acquaint you with the medications which are to be taken, the consequences of missing a dose and the side effects of the said medicines.

While in the hospital, a daily record of your health is kept and which also needs to be followed once discharged. However, before leaving, a nurse will teach how to measure the liquid intake and urine output for a minimum of six weeks. This is done to check whether the kidney is functioning well or not.

Some of the other parameters which need to be recorded include -

• Weight

• Blood pressure

• Body temperature

Going Home

Whether or not a patient can be discharged from the hospital depends on whether the patient can do the following on her/his own or not -

• Recording fluid intake and urine output

• Maintaining schedule without assistance

• Tracking temperature and blood pressure

• Knowing who to call in case of emergencies

Further, the medical team which conducted your transplant will monitor your health closely after the transplant and during follow-up appointments too. It is thus more than essential to make time for lab and check-up visits.

Taking Care at Home

Once back home, you need to check your parameters and note them down and keep the list of medicines updated for a minimum of up to six weeks. This is essential because on every follow-up visit the medical team will check these parameters to take stock of how the new kidney is working.

Before Going Home

There are a few very essential items which you need to keep with yourself before you go home. These include -

• Scale

• Thermometer

• Blood pressure cuff

• Medication organiser

Also, as a precautionary measure, you should avoid interacting with people with cold or flu for a minimum of three months. This will aid in shortening the recovery time and help in getting back to normal more quickly.

Tips for a Quick Recovery

• Follow your fluid intake

• Follow your exercise plan

• Avoid being around infectious people

• Taking medicines on time and as prescribed

• Visiting the medical team for every follow-up appointment

During the period of your recovery, if you experience any of the following conditions, you should reach out to your Kidney transplant Hospital’s team immediately -

• Fluid retention or swelling

• Significant decrease in urine output

• Fever higher than 38-degree Celsius

• Pain or tenderness around the transplant

• Weight gain of more than 4 pounds in 24-hours

• Flu-like symptoms such as aches, chills, dizziness, headaches, nausea, or vomiting

It is very essential to heed these signs as it can mean that the body is rejecting the new kidney. This usually takes place within the first six months post-transplant. To be sure about the rejecting the medical team conducts a series of kidney function tests which include -

• Blood work

• Kidney biopsy

• Renal flow scan

• Renal ultrasound

To tide over such a situation, doctors can consult further medications to prevent any further complications or even have you admitted in the hospital depending on the health conditions.


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