Hip surgery for relief from pain in India at cheap cost

The hip prosthesis consists in the surgical replacement of the natural joint that unites the femur and acetabulum with an artificial one, capable of carrying out its functions and faithfully emulating all the normal movements for a total recovery of hip mobility. It must be said that this intervention represents the only possible solution in the case of advanced degeneration of the joint in question. The duration of the hip prosthesis is variable.

Types of prostheses

Hip prostheses vary depending on how they are inserted into the bone. We distinguish three main types:
·         uncemented prosthesis: in this case, the fixing of the artificial prosthesis does not require the use of filling substances, but it occurs through the anchorage with the bone tissue, as the latter is still in good condition.
·         cemented prosthesis: the prosthesis is fixed to the bone using a cementing technique, which involves the use of a filling substance called polymethyl methacrylate.
·         hybrid prostheses: in this case, one of the two components of the prosthesis (stem or cup) is cemented, and the other is not.              

The materials used for hip prostheses are different. The femoral stem and the cup, in general, are in a metal alloy (titanium or cobalt-chromium alloys); the insert and the head, on the other hand, can be made of metal, plastic (polyethylene) or ceramic.

In any case, it is hypoallergenic materials that do not cause rejection.
Instead of the traditional intervention, it is possible to resort to the hip endoprosthesis, which provides for the sole replacement of the femoral stem. This solution is recommended for elderly patients who have fractured the femur and for subjects suffering from severe pathologies. The endoprosthesis, in fact, reduces the risks linked to the intervention and allows a much faster recovery.

Dr. JVS Vidya Sagar is the best orthopedic surgeons in Hyderabad. He has 37 years of experience and works at Global Hospitals in Hyderabad. The estimated cost of unilateral hip replacement surgery in India is USD 5500 to USD 8000, while bilateral hip replacement surgeries range from USD 7500 to 12500.

When to resort to surgery?

It is advisable to opt for prosthetic hip replacement in the following cases:
·         patients with hip arthrosis no longer curable by medical and/or physiotherapy and characterized by significant pain and limited movement
·         patients suffering from non-septic arthritis (such as, for example, rheumatoid arthritis) who have damaged the joint in a non-reversible way
·         patients who have suffered a fracture of the neck of the femur
·         patients who have been diagnosed with an advanced stage of cephalic necrosis
·         patients with dysplasia or congenital dislocation of the hip
Procedure

The implantation of the hip prosthesis, can be divided into three main phases:
·         skin incision
·         surgical removal of the damaged joint
·         preparation of the acetabular cavity and femur to accommodate the prosthesis
·         replacement with an artificial joint

Preparation

The preparation of the hip prosthesis implant requires the patient to remain active to maintain a good physical shape in view of the intervention and the post-operative course. It is also recommended to follow a diet rich in iron, to eliminate the smoking habit and to notify the specialist of any drug therapies that are being followed. It must also be said that on the day of the intervention, the patient is expected to remain in fasting.

Intervention

The prosthesis surgery in itself does not hurt as it is performed under local or total anesthesia. The specialist will arrange for the surgical removal of the damaged femoral and/or acetabular bone portion; at this point, he will insert the artificial hip. The prosthesis is fixed with a filling substance, called "cement," or alternatively with the pressure fixing technique. The surgery lasts about one or two hours.
As for the hip prosthesis with the minimally invasive technique, it must be said that it involves the insertion of the prosthesis through a minimal skin incision.   

After surgery

The course of post hip replacement surgery requires that the patient adheres to specific rules, to facilitate the healing process. Based on what is prescribed by the post-operative rehabilitation protocol for hip prostheses, the patient must perform a series of exercises aimed at re-educating the leg to perform the usual functions.

No comments

Powered by Blogger.