Prostate Cancer - Overview, Symptoms, And Treatment Options



Prostate cancer is considered to be one of the most common kinds of cancer in men. This kind of cancer usually develops slowly and the same is initially confined to the prostate gland where it might not cause any serious harm. However, some kinds of prostate cancer grow gradually and might require minimal or no treatment at all. Others might be too aggressive in nature and the same could spread quickly. According to a cancer specialist hospital in Delhi, if detected at an early stage, prostate cancer treatment could be successful in men.
Symptoms:
Following are the symptoms of prostate cancer:
1.      Trouble in urinating
2.      Decreased force in the stream of urine
3.      Blood in semen
4.      Pain or discomfort in the pelvic area
5.      Pain in the bones
6.      Erectile dysfunction.

When to consult a doctor?
According to a cancer specialist hospital in Delhi, you must make an appointment with your doctor when you begin to experience any of the above signs and symptoms. It is important to carry out the screening of prostate cancer with your doctor in order to find out the most effective prostate cancer treatment for you.

Causes:
The causes of prostate cancer are unambiguous. According to the doctors, prostate cancer begins when some of the cells in the prostate turn abnormal. Mutations in the DNA of these abnormal cells cause the cells to multiply and divide more quickly than all the normal cells of the body. These abnormal cells continue to live while the other healthy ones die. Such accumulation of abnormal cells in the body causes a tumor which grows in order to invade all the nearby tissues. Not only this, but some abnormal cells can also break off and metastasize to other parts of the body.

Treatment:
According to a cancer specialist hospital in Delhi, the treatment for early as well as an advanced stage of prostate cancer is different.
Early stage prostate cancer:
If the cancer is small and localized, the following are the treatment options:
1.      Watchful waiting or monitoring:
       The PSA blood levels are checked regularly and no immediate action is taken. The risk of side effects sometimes begins to outweigh the need for immediate treatment.

2.      Radical prostatectomy:
        Under this procedure, the prostate is removed from the body by the way of a surgical method. Traditional surgery requires you to stay in the hospital for 10 days.

3.      Brachytherapy:
        Under this procedure, radioactive seeds are implanted into the prostate so as to deliver targeted radiation treatment.

Advanced prostate cancer:
This kind of cancer is more aggressive in nature and the following treatment options are considered:
1.      Chemotherapy:
          Chemotherapy is recommended to kill the cancer cells around the body.

2.      Androgen deprivation therapy:
         Also known as androgen suppression therapy, this is a hormone treatment that helps to reduce the effect of androgen. This is known to be a long-term therapy. It requires a longer recovery period.

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